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Evaluation of a Suicide Prevention Program for the Energy Sector

2020

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

V Ross, N Caton, S Mathieu, J Gullestrup, K Kolves

Overview: The MATES in Construction program has recently been applied to the energy industry; however, little is known regarding exposure to suicide and suicide prevention interventions in this sector. The study aimed to examine the effectiveness of MATES in Energy general awareness training (GAT), and estimate the prevalence of recent suicidal ideation and exposure to suicidal behaviors in workers.

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Effective elements for workplace responses to critical incidents and suicide – A systematic rapid review of the literature

2020

T Pearce, L Bugeja, S Wayland, M Maple

MATES in Construction

Overview: The primary purpose of this rapid review is to answer the following research question: What are the key elements for response to CIs and suicide in the workplace? This will be achieved by retrieving literature that will be used to inform the development of postvention and CI response training module for MATES in Construction. The results of this review will also assist in providing an evidence base to guide the qualitative interviews which intend to capture the lived experiences of construction workers and managers and their responses to CIs and deaths by suicide in the workplace.

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A review of the evidence related to the impacts of, and interventions for, workplace bullying in the Construction Industry

2020

MATES in Construction

C Doran, A Rebar, K Waters, P Meredith

Overview: MATES in Construction (Queensland) commissioned research to examine the links between positive workplace health and safety culture and mental health and suicide risk including the impact of bullying on workplace physical and mental health and safety in the construction industry. Researchers from Central Queensland University co-designed a proposal with MATES in Construction (Queensland) that focussed on bullying as a psychological hazard. The proposal involved two activities: a systematic review of individual and organisational impacts of workplace bullying; and, a systematic review of workplace bullying interventions. Where possible, the reviews were focussed on evidence related to the construction and mining industries.

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MATES in Construction Workplace Suicide Prevention Program: Articulation of Program Logic

2020

MATES in Construction

A LaMontagne, C Shann

Overview: Elevated rates of suicide among construction workers compared to the general working male population have been identified in various countries around the world, including in Finland, the USA, Korea, Denmark, Canada, the UK and Australia, making this group a critical priority for prevention.1-3 MATES in Construction (MATES) is a charitable organisation that was established in 2008 with the aim of reducing the high level of suicide among construction workers (http://mates.org.au/).

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A Longitudinal Assessment of Two Suicide Prevention Training Programs for the Construction Industry

2020

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

V Ross, N Caton, J Gullestrup, K Kõlves

Overview: General awareness training (GAT) is a one-hour session delivered to all construction workers on large to medium worksites, while MATES awareness training (MAT) maintains similar content but is of shorter duration and delivered informally to small workplaces. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of the two programs using a before, after and follow-up design.

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The Impact of Workplace Bullying on Mental Health and Suicidality in Queensland Construction Industry Apprentices.

2020

Report by the Australian Institute for Suicide Prevention (AISRAP), Griffith University for MATES in Construction.

V Ross, R Wardhani, K Kolves

Overview: The current study aims to estimate the prevalence of Queensland apprentices who have experiencing bullying, as well as to obtain a snapshot of apprentices’ mental health and well-being, their perceptions of quality of supervision, suicide awareness and literacy, and experience of, and exposure to suicidal behaviours.

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Does Help Seeking Behaviour Change Over Time Following a Workplace Mental Health Intervention in the Coal Mining Industry

2019

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

E Sayers, J Rich, M Rahman, B Kelly, C James

Overview: A pre-post survey study of employees from two Australian coal mines to investigate help seeking behavior and attitudes to mental health in mining employees.

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Are Young Men Getting the Message? Age Differences in Suicide Prevention Literacy among Male Construction Workers

2019

T King, P Batterham, H Lingard, J Gullestrup, C Lockwood, S Harvey, B Kelly, A LaMontagne, A Milner

International journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Overview: Suicide is a leading cause of death among young men. Help-seeking is known to be poor among this group, and little is known about what interventions are most successful in improving suicide prevention literacy among young men. This research aims to examine: (1) age differences in beliefs related to suicide prevention literacy and attitudes to the workplace in addressing mental health among male construction workers; (2) age differences in response to a workplace suicide prevention program.

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Understanding the Barriers and Pathways to Male Help-Seeking and Help-Offering: A Mixed Methods Study of the Impact of the Mates in Construction Program

2019

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

V Ross, N Caton, J Gullestrup, K Kolves

Overview: This mixed-methods study aimed to (1) examine the effectiveness of training for MATES connectors and (2) examine the barriers, motivations and pathways to help-seeking and help-offering for both MATES connectors and clients.

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An evaluation of MATES in Construction Queensland Case Management

2019

A report conducted for MATES in Construction

C Doran, L Adams, C Meurk, L Wittenhagen, E Heffernan

Overview: Case management is a core component of MATES. The research team undertook a descriptive analysis of the Queensland MATES case management database and developed an exit survey to assess the benefits of case management for clients.

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An evaluation of the effectiveness of the MATES in Energy program

2019

Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention

V Ross, N Caton

Overview: In order to ensure the MATES in Energy program had successfully transitioned from the construction to the energy sector, the Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention (AISRAP) was commissioned in 2019 by MATES in Construction to undertake an evaluation of the effectiveness of the MATES in Energy GAT training.

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Suicide in the Construction Industry Volume 3

2018

MATES in Construction and The University of Melbourne

A Milner, T King, L Riccardi

Overview: This report presents the most recent analysis of trends in suicide within the construction industry. These analyses are also disaggregated by age group and state, for the benefit of stakeholders and funders of the MATES in Construction program.

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Shifting Beliefs about Suicide: Pre-Post Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Program for Workers in the Construction Industry

2018

International journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

T King, J Gullestrup, P Batterham, B Kelly, C Lockwood, H Lingard, S Harvey, A LaMontagne, A Milner

Overview: Suicide is a significant health problem that is known to disproportionately affect those employed in manual occupations, including construction workers and tradespeople. This paper sought to examine the effectiveness of the GAT program in shifting suicide beliefs.

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An evaluation of the effectiveness of the Mates in Construction program: Results of a mixed-method, two phase study

2018

Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention National Centre of Excellence in Suicide Prevention, World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Suicide Prevention, Griffith University

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Report on the Construction Industry Apprentices' Focus Groups

2018

Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention

Overview: Six focus groups were conducted with construction industry apprentices to learn about their needs in order to inform the update of the Life Skills training program. The focus was on problems/issues experienced at work and outside of work, and the types of information and support that would be helpful when they are ‘doing it tough’.

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Feasibility and acceptability of strategies to address mental health and mental ill-health in the Australian coal mining industry

2018

International Journal of Mental Health Systems volume 12, Article number: 66 (2018)

R Tynan, C James, R Considine, J Skehan, J Gullestrup, T Lewin, J Wiggers, B Kelly

Overview: To evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of implementing a peer-based, multi-component mental health program in the Australian coal mining industry.

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A History Of Mates In Construction Queensland (2008 - 2018)

2018

G Shannon

Overview: Researching the history of the Queensland construction industry and disturbing statistics of suicide and how MATES in Construction Queensland was developed.

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Male suicide among construction workers in Australia: a qualitative analysis of the major stressors precipitating death

2017

BMC Public Health

A Milner, H Maheen, D Currier, A LaMontagne

Overview: Suicide rates among those employed in male-dominated professions such as construction are elevated compared to other occupational groups. We used a national coronial database to qualitatively study work and non-work related influences on male suicide occurring in construction workers in Australia.

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A Qualitative Evaluation Of The Effectiveness Of The Mates In Construction Program

2017

Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention

V Ross

Overview: This report provides a summary of a qualitative evaluation of the effectiveness of the Mates in Construction (MIC) program. Focus groups with MIC volunteers and individual interviews with MIC case management clients examined the motivations, pathways and difficulties in help-seeking and help-offering from the perspectives of both volunteers and clients.

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Suicide in the Construction Industry: Report submitted to MATES in Construction by Deakin University Volume 2, 15 July 2017

2017

The University of Melbourne, Deakin University,

A Milner, H Maheen

Overview: Around the world, suicide rates among those employed in blue collar occupations such as construction are higher than those in other occupational groups. Previous Australian research has also identified construction workers as being particularly at risk. This report was commissioned to assess recent trends in suicide among construction workers across Australian states and territories, and to examine whether suicide rates among construction workers remains higher than other occupational groups.

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A Mixed-method Study Of Gat And Connector Training In The South Australian Construction Industry

2017

Mental Health and Substance Use Research Group, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of South Australia

M Ferguson, H Eaton, N Procter in consultation with M Caston

Overview: This report provides a summary of a research project undertaken by the University of South Australia for MATES in Construction (MIC) South Australia. The purpose of this project was to explore the impacts of MIC SA on those who had participated in General Awareness Training or Connector Training specifically. This was achieved in two phases: 1) A cross-sectional survey; 2) Semi-structured interviews.

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Summary Report: Mental Health in the Construction Industry

2017

University of Melbourne

A Milner, P Law

Overview: Each time the Australian economy contracts, the construction industry is one of the first to feel the financial pressure. There is now a good understanding that suicide rates are elevated among construction workers. The stresses associated with construction work are likely to be one of many factors contributing to poor mental health and suicide in the industry. The Construction Industry Mental Health Roundtable was initiated by MATES in Construction and beyondblue to address problems associated with suicide and poor mental health in the industry.

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The Economic Cost Of Suicide And Non-fatal Suicide Behaviour In The Australian Workforce And The Potential Impact Of A Workplace Suicide Prevention Strategy

2017

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

I Kinchin, C M Doran

Overview: Suicide and non-fatal suicide behavior (NFSB) are significant problems faced by most countries. The objective of this research is to quantify the economic cost of suicide and NFSB in the Australian workforce and to examine the potential impact of introducing a workplace suicide prevention intervention to reduce this burden.

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Saving Lives In The Construction Industry

2016

MATES in Construction

T Grealy

Overview: Funding has been provided to MATES in Construction to scope the expansion of its suicide prevention initiatives to rural and regional Queensland and to include small and medium sized businesses. This project will examine and provide recommendations on future priorities and sustainable funding options for effective ‘wrap around’ services for suicide prevention and postvention in the construction industry.

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2016 Fly The Flag Evaluation

2016

S Collimore

MATES in Construction

Overview: As the Fly the Flag campaign is a relatively new concept [in 2016], the aim of this evaluation is to determine the faults of the program, and understand what both the MATES staff and employees of registered construction sites felt needed to be improved. By doing this evaluation MATES will be able to ‘iron out the creases’ and ensure the campaign runs more efficiently next year so that both time and money does not go to waste.

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Mates In Construction Suicide Prevention Program: 5 Year Review

2016

G Martin, S Swannel, A Milner, J Gullestrup

Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education

Overview: This review of the first five years of the MATES in Construction program in Queensland demonstrates broad program acceptability by workers, unions and construction companies. However, funding constraints and the size and geography of the State limited the overall reach to 35,761 workers from 476 building sites completing the first step in the program - General Awareness Training. Despite this, we compared suicide rates in Queensland male construction workers for the five years of the program (2008-2012) with the five years prior (2003-2007), in the context of general male suicide rates for Queensland and Australia for the two time periods.

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Suicide In The Construction Industry

2016

A Milner

Deakin University

Overview: This report was commissioned to assess recent trends in suicide among construction workers across Australian states and territories, and to examine whether suicide rates among construction workers remains higher than other occupational groups.

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The Impact of a Suicide Prevention Strategy on Reducing the Economic Cost of Suicide in the New South Wales Construction Industry

2016

C Doran, R Ling, J Gullestrup, S Swannell, A Milner

School of Human, Health and Social Sciences Central Queensland University

Overview: Little research has been conducted into the cost and prevention of self-harm in the workplace. This report aims to quantify the economic cost of self-harm and suicide among New South Wales (NSW) construction industry workers and to examine the potential economic impact of implementing Mates in Construction.

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The Economic Cost Of Suicide And Suicide Behaviour In Australian Construction Industry By State And Territory

2015

C Doran, R Ling, A Milner

MATES in Construction

Overview: The aim of this study is to quantify the costs of suicide and NFSB in the Australian Construction Industry by state and territory.

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The Economic Cost of Suicide and Suicide Behaviour in the Australian Capital Territory Construction Industry

2015

C Doran, R Ling, A Milner

MATES in Construction

Overview: The aim of the current study is to examine trends in, and costs of, suicide and suicide behaviour in the Australian Capital Territory Construction Industry.

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The Economic Cost of Suicide and Suicide Behaviour in the New South Wales Construction Industry

2015

C Doran, R Ling, A Milner

MATES in Construction

Overview: The aim of the current study is to examine the trends in, and costs of, suicide and suicide behaviour in the New South Wales Construction Industry.

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The Economic Cost Of Suicide And Suicide Behaviour In The Northern Territory Construction Industry

2015

C Doran, R Ling, A Milner

MATES in Construction

Overview: The aim of the current study is to examine trends in, and costs of, suicide and suicide behaviour in the Northern Territory Construction Industry.

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The Economic Cost of Suicide and Suicide Behaviour in the Queensland Construction Industry

2015

C Doran, R Ling

MATES in Construction

Overview: The aim of the current study is to examine trends in, and costs of, suicide and suicide behaviour in the Queensland Construction Industry.

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The Economic Cost of Suicide And Suicide Behaviour in the South Australian Construction Industry

2015

C Doran, R Ling, A Milner

MATES in Construction

Overview: The aim of the current study is to examine trends in, and costs of, suicide and suicide behaviour in the South Australian Construction Industry.

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The Economic Cost Of Suicide And Suicide Behaviour In the Tasmanian Construction Industry

2015

C Doran, R Ling, A Milner

MATES in Construction

Overview: The aim of the current study is to examine trends in, and costs of, suicide and suicide behaviour in the Tasmanian Construction Industry.

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The Economic Cost of Suicide and Suicide Behaviour in the Western Australian Construction Industry

2015

C Doran, R Ling, A Milner

MATES in Construction

Overview: The aim of the current study is to examine trends in, and costs of, suicide and suicide behaviour in the Western Australia Construction Industry.

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The Economic Cost of Suicide and Suicide Behaviour in the Victorian Construction Industry

2015

C Doran, R Ling, A Milner

MATES in Construction

Overview: The aim of the current study is to examine trends in, and costs of, suicide and suicide behaviour in the Victorian Construction Industry.

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The economic cost of suicide and suicide behaviour in the NSW construction industry and the impact of MATES in Construction suicide prevention strategy in reducing this cost

2014

C Doran, R Ling

MATES in Construction

Overview: The aim of the current study is to quantify the economic cost of suicide, and suicide behaviour, among New South Wales (NSW) construction industry workers in 2010, and, to examine the potential impact of introducing a multi-faceted strategy called MATES in Construction (MATES) to address suicide prevention in the work-place in NSW in 2013-17.

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FIFO/DIDO Mental Health Research Report 2013

2013

Lifeline WA

P Henry, K Hamilton, S Watson, N Macdonald

Overview: The Sellenger Centre for Research in Law, Justice and Social Change at Edith Cowan University was commissioned by Lifeline WA to conduct research regarding Fly-in-Fly-Out/Drive-in-Drive-Out (FIFO) worker supports. The research aimed to identify the stressors associated with FIFO work and the ways in which FIFO workers cope with these stressors. The research further sought to reveal which services would best meet the needs of FIFO workers.

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Suicide by Occupation: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

2013

A Milner, M Spittal, J Pirkis, A LaMontagne

The British Journal of Psychiatry

Overview: Numerous studies have found that certain occupations such as medical professionals (including doctors, nurses, veterinarians), farmers and police are at elevated risk of suicide compared with the general employed population. This article sought to examine the relationship between occupation and suicide across the full evidence base through systematic review and meta-analysis, thereby building on past narrative reviews.

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ASIST Worker Survey Report

2013

C Banks

MATES in Construction

Overview: This report provides an analysis and evaluation of a survey conducted by Awareness Australia with the participants whom had completed Applied Suicide Intervention Skills Training with Mates in Construction. The research was directed by the requirement of MATES in Construction to evaluate the experience of as many ASIST workers as possible and provide the organisation with an accurate and useable evaluation of the current program from the perspective of trainees.

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Construction Site Employees: Edith Cowan University Life Suicide Prevention Strategy Research Report

2012

P Henry, J Dooley, L Lester, J Tudor-Owen, D Halilovic

Sellenger Centre for Research in Law, Justice and Social Change

Overview: Conceptualisations of occupational wellbeing often include positive and negative elements, for example, job satisfaction and stress. Historically, limited attention has been given to positive expressions of occupational wellbeing although recent evidence indicates this is changing.

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A Report on the Development of a Life Skills Program for Construction Apprentices

2012

J Barletta, V Dundas

MATES in Construction

Overview: MATES in Construction aims to be Queensland’s leading industry suicide prevention organisation focusing on raising awareness, capacity building, providing help, and engaging in research. The Life Skills Program (LSP) has been developed in alignment with MATES' vision and mission, and in direct response to the AISRAP report (2006) into suicides in the Queensland construction industry.

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MATES in Construction Program Evaluation

2012

Footprints Market Research

MATES in Construction

Overview: MATES in Construction agreed that a research program is required to understand fully how the program is working on-site. Not only to provide useful feedback for the improvement of the program, if necessary, but also to gain industry support and drive the fundraising/ sponsor initiative.

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Course In Life Skills - Pilot Project Evaluation

2011

ArkAeon

C Kent

Overview: The “Course in Life Skills”, previously known as the “Life Skills Toolbox” (“the Course”) is a program aimed at increasing basic life skills and thereby improving resilience in Construction Industry apprentices. ArkAeon was engaged to undertake an evaluation of the pilot project. The approach to the evaluation was to conduct a series of structured interviews covering major stakeholder groups including management, facilitators, participants, unions, employers, funders and the training colleges.

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Impact Of Multimodal Community-based Program For Suicide Prevention

2011

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

J Gullestrup, B Lequertier, G Martin,

Overview: A large-scale workplace-based suicide prevention and early intervention program was delivered to over 9,000 construction workers on building sites across Queensland. Findings from over 7,000 workers (April 2008 to November 2010) are reported, indicating strong construction industry support, with 67% building sites and employers approached agreeing to participate in MIC

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An Examination of Fatigue in the Construction Industry

2010

Building Employees Redundancy Trust (BERT)

E Hobman, N Jimmieson, K McDonald

Overview: Work-related fatigue has been identified as an important issue for Australian workplaces. The aim of this research project was to undertake an assessment of fatigue levels in the construction industry and to identify any associations with known risk factors and employee outcomes.

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Advanced Health Assessment Report

2009

Corporate Bodies International

J Maxwell

Overview: In December 2009, Corporate Bodies International (CBI) was recruited to undertake review Advanced Health Assessments for workers at the Baulderstone Gatton Correctional Centre construction site in QLD. This health assessment program is currently part of a 2 year intervention study called “Your Health, Your Future” funded by BERT.

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Suicide In The Construction Industry: Investigation of Deaths Among CBUS Members

2008

University of Melbourne

A Milner, H Niven and I Tchernitskaia

Overview: This research assessed the accuracy of causes of death recorded among Cbus members for the year 2008 against accounts held in the National Coroners Information System (NCIS). The cases chosen for this investigation were those that were deemed as having the potential to be suicide. The report also provides information on the overall burden of suicide in the construction period in Australia over time.

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Correlates Of Suicide In Building Industry Workers, Archives Of Suicide Research

2007

Routledge Taylor & Francis Group

T Heller, J Hawgood, D De Leo

Overview: Suicide within the construction industry in Queensland, Australia was reportedly high in a recent Royal Commission report. The current study examined the incidence and causes of suicide in this industry using psychological autopsy and focus group investigations. A total of 64 male suicides occurred over the seven-year period, representing a crude suicide rate of 40.3 per 100,000, significantly greater than the working age Australian male rate. Young employees were at excessive risk with separation=divorce, relationship problems, and untreated psychiatric conditions the major contributors. Focus groups emphasized the importance of work=home interface factors and industry-specific factors preceding suicide.

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AISRAP Report: Suicide in Queensland's Commercial Building and Construction Industry

2006

Australian Institute of Suicide Research and Prevention

Overview: The incidence and causal factors for suicide vary between industrial and occupational groups. Limited research has been undertaken in relation to suicide by specific occupation. Notably, the construction industry in Australia has received very limited attention in the evidence-based research literature, despite some media attention in recent years. Focus groups were conducted with union delegates, QMBA representatives, and employees. Four major themes were revealed: Work conditions, interpersonal relationships, pressure, and suicide prevention.

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